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Monday, May 11, 2020 | History

2 edition of Influence of trickle and surface irrigation on return flow quality found in the catalog.

Influence of trickle and surface irrigation on return flow quality

P. J. Wierenga

Influence of trickle and surface irrigation on return flow quality

by P. J. Wierenga

  • 164 Want to read
  • 20 Currently reading

Published by Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Research and Development, Robert S. Kerr Environmental Research Laboratory, for sale by the National Technical Information Service in Ada, Okla, Springfield, Va .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Microirrigation.,
  • Irrigation water.,
  • Soils, Salts in.

  • Edition Notes

    Statementby Peter J. Wierenga.
    SeriesEnvironmental protection technology series ; EPA-600/2-77-093, Research reporting series -- EPA-600/2-77-093.
    ContributionsRobert S. Kerr Environmental Research Laboratory., New Mexico State University. Dept. of Agronomy.
    The Physical Object
    Paginationxviii, 158 p. :
    Number of Pages158
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL17517216M

    Surface Irrigation Methods. Furrow Irrigation Basin or Level Border Irrigation Water is allowed to flow over the land without the use of furrows, Trickle Irrigation Systems. Method Adapted To Conservation Features Eff. % Surface Trickle. All terrains and most. INFLUENCE OF TRICKLE FERTIGATION ON YIELD & QUALITY OF HYBRID OKRA The fruit weight of okra was not found to have been influenced significantly by the sources of fertilizers used and the interaction of fertilizer source and frequency of application (Table 1).

    Trickle irrigation water quality and preventive maintenance. Agric. Water Manage., 2: The most serious problem in trickle irrigation is clogging of emitters or applicators. Recommendations and guidelines are presented for preventive maintenance which in- clude water filtration, chemical treatment, pipeline flushing, and field bii-va.com by: The principal methods of applying water are basin and furrow irrigation, sprinkler irrigation, trickle or drip irrigation, subsurface irrigation, and mist irrigation. Application of water in furrows or basins can only be done on level land, requires much labor, and often results in flooding of low areas in orchards.

    Drip irrigation is sometimes called trickle irrigation and involves dripping water onto the soil at very low rates ( litres/hour) from a system of small diameter plastic pipes fitted with outlets called emitters or bii-va.com is applied close to plants so that only part of the soil in which the roots grow is wetted (Figure 60), unlike surface and sprinkler irrigation, which involves. Strategies to improve the Nation’s water quality must address the effect of irrigation on surface and ground water bodies (National Research Council, ). Farm Returns. Finally, improvements in IWM can help maintain the long-term viability of the irrigated agricultural sector. Irrigated cropland is .


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Influence of trickle and surface irrigation on return flow quality by P. J. Wierenga Download PDF EPUB FB2

Influence of trickle and surface irrigation on return flow quality. Ada, Okla.: Robert S. Kerr Environmental Research Laboratory, Office of Research and Development, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency ; Springfield, Va.: for sale by the National Technical Information Service, EPA/ May INFLUENCE OF TRICKLE AND SURFACE IRRIGATION ON RETURN FLOW QUALITY by Peter J.

Wierenga Department of Agronomy New Mexico State University Las Cruces, New Mexico Grant No. S (Formerly GLM) Project Officer James P. Law, Jr. Source Management Branch Robert S. Kerr Environmental Research Laboratory Ada. Chapter 4F: Irrigation Water Management Soil-Water-Plant Relationships Effective and efficient irrigation begins with a basic understanding of the relation-ships among soil, water, and plants.

Figure 4f-2 illustrates the on-farm hydrologic cycle for irrigated lands, and Table 4f-1 provides definitions of several terms associated with irrigation. Sprinkler and Surface Irrigation Effects on Return Flow Water Quality and Quantity D.L. Bjorneberg 1, D.T. Westermann, N.O.

Nelson2 1USDA ARS, Kimberly, ID 2Kansas State University, Manhattan, KS Abstract. A major conservation practice in the Upper Snake-Rock (USR) watershed is the conversion. irrigation return flows. The listed guidelines are all in-cluded in these requisites. Eliminate or Reduce Irrigation Return Flow Eliminating surface irrigation return flows is often sug-gested when considering irrigation return flow quality problems.

This seems to be a logical approach because there are irrigation methods without runoff. These in. Chapter V: Irrigation. Surface. Surface irrigation uses gravity flow to spread water over a field. A good supply of water (stream size) in GPM (gallons per minute) is needed. Drip or trickle irrigation is the slow, frequent application of water to the soil through emitters or tubing.

As only a. Chapter 7, Trickle Irrigation, was originally prepared and printed in under the direction of Conservation Engineering Division (CED), Washington, DC, Soil Conserva- tion Service (SCS), now the Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS). Feb 10,  · "Sprinkle and Trickle Irrigation presents beginning-to-end coverage of the processes and computations needed in the planning and design of sprinkle and trickle irrigation systems.

The textbook is created for the thinking person who desires more than cookie Cited by: Surface Irrigation Methods CONTROL STRUCTURES placed in open ditches may be of many types. Their function is to measure the flow, pro- vide a means of diverting the water from the ditch, or to lower safely the water from one elevation to another.

To make proper application of. Surface irrigation is where water is applied and distributed over the soil surface by gravity. It is by far the most common form of irrigation throughout the world and has been practiced in many areas virtually unchanged for thousands of years. Surface irrigation is often referred to as flood irrigation, implying that the water distribution is uncontrolled and therefore, inherently inefficient.

Surface irrigation is the introduction and distribution of water in a field by the gravity flow of water over the soil surface. The soil acts as the growing medium in which water is stored and the conveyance medium over which water flows as it spreads and infiltrates. Common surface irrigation systems used are rill irrigation, furrow or border irrigation.

Basin Irrigation. Basin irrigation is the most common form of surface irrigation, particularly in regions with layouts of small fields. If a field is level in all directions, is encompassed by a dyke to prevent runoff, and provides an undirected flow of water onto the field, it is herein called a basin.

We then consider the impact of changing irrigation effi- ciency on streamflow in the traditionally surface-water- irrigated Gallatin Valley. We explore the impact of return flow from imgation on the streain hydrograph and show that lower efficiency irrigation systems maintain higher flows.

Effects of reusing irrigation return flows Mateos L., Lorite I., Fereres E. in come from a canal common to several units or it may be return flow from upstream units. When all the performance and water quality.

The Irrigation Consumptive Use Coefficient (ICUC, defined as the. • Devices to control water flow in irrigation • Covers entire surface (square areas are basins) • Advantages. • Typical flow rates – for 20 acre strip: 1 - 4 cfs (pretty high!!) • Surface Irrigation is less uniform than sprinkler or drip irrigation.

• Drip irrigation is better for plants. provides high quality, efficient solutions for the irrigation, outdoor lighting, and custom manufacturing industries. Headquartered in San Marcos, California sinceHunter is a market leader in producing and marketing a full range of water-efficient, easy-to-use irrigation solu-tions for residential, commercial, and golf course applica.

IRRIGATION RETURN FLOW OR DISCRETE DISCHARGE. WHY WATER POLLUTION FROM CRANBERRY BOGS SHOULD FALL WITHIN THE CLEAN WATER ACT’S NPDES PROGRAM BY ANDREW C.

HANSON* & DAVID C. BENDER** Despite license plates proclaiming it as the “dairy state,” Wisconsin is the top cranberry producing state in the nation. Cranberry. This paper presents the conceptualisation and model development of an irrigation return flow model, called “Tiddalik”, for the prediction of drainage return flow volumes and salt loads to streams and river systems.

Conceptualisation of the major drivers of return flows are presented along with the interaction of land use management. EPA/ October Environmental Protection Technology Series ASSESSMENT OF IRRIGATION RETURN FLOW MODELS Robert S. Kerr Environmental Research Laboratory Office of Research and Development U.S.

Environmental Protection Agency Ada, Oklahoma protect the environment, while maintaining yields of crops under irrigation, particularly with surface methods. Anticipated Products 1. A process-based model of surface irrigation, including water flow, sediment movement, and the movement over the field surface of chemicals, both dissolved in the water and attached to sediment particles.

Surge Irrigation C.C. Shock and T. Welch (In conventional surface irrigation systems, the water flows continuously during the irrigation set.) The alternating flow of water more stringent standards regarding water quality. Irrigation management practices that reduce deep.IRRIGATION ENGINEERING: SPRINKLER, TRICKLE, SURFACE IRRIGATION PRINCIPLES, DESIGN AND AGRICULTURAL PRACTICES on bii-va.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying bii-va.comcturer: Irrigation Engineering Scientific Publications.Evaluation of Irrigation Diversions and Return Flows.

Investigator: Victor Hasfurther, Department of Civil Engineering and Wyoming Water Resources Center, University of Wyoming.

Purpose: Ranching and farming are two of the oldest and largest users of water in Wyoming accounting for approximately ninety-five percent of the total amount of water withdrawn from streams and aquifers.